What do you know about cancer?

Cancer:

Cancer is uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that can spread to any part of the body by blood and lymph systems.

Facts:

  • Up to one-third of cancer-related deaths are due to obesity and a sedentary lifestyle.
  • Cancer is responsible for 1 in every 7 deaths worldwide.
  • 30% to 40% of all cancers can be prevented by healthy diet and physical activity.
  • Cancer accounts for 10% of all deaths in Qatar.
  • The incidence (new cases) of cancer in Qatar will more than double by 2030.

Cancer statistics in Qatar: 

The most common 5 types of cancer in Qatar: breast, bone marrow, colon, skin, prostate.

Male: bone marrow, colon, skin, prostate, Lung.

Female: breast, bone marrow, colon, skin, Thyroid gland.

The Warning Signs of Cancer

The acronym (C-A-U-T-I-O-N) used to help recognize the seven early signs of cancer:

C- Change in bowel or bladder habits

A- A sore that does not heal

U-Unusual bleeding or discharge

T-Thickening or lump in the breast, testicles, or elsewhere

I-Indigestion or difficulty swallowing

O-Obvious change in the size, color, shape, or thickness of a wart, mole, or mouth sore

N-Nagging cough or hoarseness

Risk factors: 

  • Cigarette Smoking and Tobacco Use and alcohol
  • Infections
  • Radiation
  • Sun and ultraviolet (UV) Exposure
  • Immunosuppressive Medicines
  • Unhealthy Diet
  • Decrease the physical Activity.
  • Obesity
  • Genetics and family history.
  • age

Prevention and Screening:

  • Do the schedule routine examinations and cancer early detection tests regularly
  • Quit smoking
  • Eat healthy
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid exposure to high levels of ultraviolet radiation
  • Take all needed vaccinations